Ithaca artists start community conversations through public pieces

By Jessica Corbett and Sally Young

This is one of many murals featured on the streets of Ithaca, New York. (Photo by Sally Young)

This is one of many murals featured on the streets of Ithaca, New York. (Photo by Sally Young)

Marla Coppolino has worked as a science illustrator for more than 20 years, but recently she took her artistic skills to the streets of Ithaca to paint two electrical boxes at the intersection of Albany and Court Streets.

Coppolino’s boxes were part of the 21 Boxes project commissioned by the City of Ithaca through the Public Art Commission. Through the project, artists were contracted to paint electrical boxes around the city.

“I enjoyed doing this public painting project because I feel it gives everyone the chance to stop and appreciate artwork, right there by the street, along their daily walks,” Coppolino said.

Coppolino works at Cornell University, but is also an artist and a malacologist, meaning she studies land snails on the side.

“I like to showcase snails as something very beautiful and help change public perception about snails, because most people think they’re pretty gross and slimy,” she said. “When they look at how beautiful snails are, I can start to talk to them about how important snails are to the ecosystem.”

The artists who create public art in Ithaca say they would like their works to open a dialogue among community members.

“I consider art to be a communication, and public art opens that conversation to everyone,” Jim Garmhausen, another artist in the 21 Boxes project, said. “It is very gratifying as an artist to plant a visual message in a public place for people to see and interact with. Working publicly has changed my relationship with my community, and changed my art from a solitary, studio-bound practice to something more like storytelling.”

Click the graphic above to check out an interactive map of street art in Ithaca on Ithaca Week.

Click the graphic above to check out an interactive map of street art in Ithaca on Ithaca Week.

Public art projects in Ithaca are not solely the work of the Public Art Commission. The Downtown Ithaca Alliance spearheads the “Art in the Heart” project with support from the commission. The “Art in the Heart” project displays pieces from mid-June to mid-November. The alliance has been using Cayuga Street and Creek Walk for art corridors.

“We always like to buy more public art but we are now in a situation where we need to find places for our pieces,” Kris Lewis, operations director of the Downtown Ithaca Alliance, said. She said that in the commons re-design, only two spots were slated for public art.

Despite the great support for public art in Ithaca, graffiti is still an occasional problem. It is rare that a commissioned piece of art is graffitied, but it does happen, commission members said. They said they would like to redirect the energy of those who do the graffiti into making more permanent public art.

“I would love for some of these graffiti artists to have time to be able to make beautiful pieces. Some of these pieces that are just done on the run aren’t as nice for me,” Caleb Thomas, a commission member, said.

“Part of the rebellious nature of graffiti is not just about doing it in a clandestine situation,” Grace Ritter, another commission member, said. “It’s about transforming our landscape into something beautiful. It’s not necessarily because it’s illegal; it’s more about taking something that’s maybe ugly and you’re creating art with what you have.”

City resources that are used to cover graffiti could instead go to employing the people who are doing the graffiti, Frank Nagy, director of parking for the Department of Public Works, says.

“What I’ve seen is where we put art I don’t see graffiti,” Nagy said. “Where I don’t put art, I find graffiti. I would rather spend the money on the art than to spend the money on constantly cleaning the graffiti.”

Public Art Slideshow

Click the above slide to view and audio slideshow about public art in Ithaca, New York

The artists and those commissioning the work, whether part of the commission or the alliance, share a vision for what public art brings to the Ithaca community.

“I think it’s important to have public art. It enlivens a community and we feel very committed to continuing to have a public art exhibition,” Lewis said.

“I think that public art is an important and necessary part of a community’s landscape,” Garmhausen said. “It lends a sense of inclusion and humanness to a city, counteracting the dry predictability of urban planning. I find that coming across a piece of public art brings a spark, an enlivening to the moment.”

Read this story on Ithaca Week

Advertisements

Groton High School reacts to football team hazing scandal

By Jessica Corbett and Mary Kielar

Two football players at Groton High School recently pleaded guilty to hazing charges. (Photo by Jessica Corbett)

Two football players at Groton High School recently pleaded guilty to hazing charges. (Photo by Jessica Corbett)

Two students on the Groton High School football team pleaded guilty on Oct. 31 to first-degree harassment, a misdemeanor, following hazing allegations.

The Groton’s students sentencing will take place over the next six to eight weeks and will be handled by Town Justice Arthur Dewey Dawson. In response to the controversy, the high school administration is making changes to its athletic code.

Of the 14.7 million U.S. high school students, approximately 1.5 million — or nearly 10 percent — experience hazing each year, according to data from the U.S. Department of Education and an Alfred University study.

Click the image above to view a video report from Groton High School.

Click the image above to view a video report from Groton High School.

Groton High School is responding to the allegations with a multi-step plan, Billie Downs, associate principal and athletic director, said. He said the plan includes: hazing prevention presentations with Travis Apgar, the dean of students at Cornell University, which will be presented to parents and coaches; student-athlete workshops on leadership and positive team building; increased supervision in locker rooms; and DASA (Dignity for All Students Act) in-house training for coaches. DASA is New York State legislation that seeks to provide students with a safe learning environment free of discrimination and harassment, and went into effect July 2012.

“We hope to create a culture where kids watch out for other kids so that the few offenders can be dealt with quickly and the school will be safer for all,” James Abrams, superintendent of the Groton School District, said. “Our students want the same type of culture that we do, but sometimes lack the courage or the avenue for reporting violations.”

Abrams has a hands-on role in the district’s plans for preventing this type of behavior among students in the future.

“We are a small school district. The superintendent has always worked closely with all departments,” he said.

Click the image above to view an interactive graphic.

Click the image above to view an interactive graphic.

Cheltenham High School, in Montgomery County, the suburbs of Philadelphia, recently experienced its own hazing scandal involving its boys’ soccer team. The district notified police and conducted an internal investigation in response to September hazing allegations, but the team was allowed to finish out its season, which ended Oct. 16.

“I think this is a wakeup call for a lot of school districts across the country,” Susan O’Grady, director of communications and development at Cheltenham School District, said. “It’s time for us to look at how athletic programs are run. We are looking at all of our anti-bullying programs that are in the classroom and how those can intersect with and cross over with the educational training that we are now going to supplant into and supplement with what’s already there into our athletic program.”

Sayreville War Memorial High School in Sayreville, New Jersey, had its football season canceled last month following hazing allegations against seven football players who are now facing sex-crime charges. The district declined Ithaca Week’s requests for comment, but Superintendent Richard Labbe released a statement in response to the allegations that is no longer available on the district website. According to the statement: “The district administration has already launched a holistic harassment intimidation and bullying (HIB) investigation of all athletic and extracurricular programs in order to ensure that we take all steps necessary now and in the future to protect all our students.”

Click here to view a video report from Groton High School.

Read this story on Ithaca Week.

Ithacans consider relaunching local chapter of national interfaith peace organization

By Jessica Corbett and Christian Araos

Jim Murphy called a meeting Oct. 29 to discuss the possibility of reestablishing an Ithaca chapter of FOR. (Photo by Jessica Corbett)

Jim Murphy called a meeting Oct. 29 to discuss the possibility of reestablishing an Ithaca chapter of FOR. (Photo by Jessica Corbett)

Fourteen people, including church-goers, college professors and community activists, gathered at the Unitarian Church of Ithaca Wednesday Oct. 29 to discuss the possibility of bringing the Fellowship of Reconciliation, or FOR, back to Ithaca.

Jim Murphy, who heads up the Veterans Fellowship of Reconciliation, is leading the effort to relaunch an Ithaca chapter of FOR, which is the nation’s oldest interfaith peace organization. He called the meeting Wednesday to see what role FOR’s greater organization could play if reintroduced.

Veterans’ outreach is what first brought Jim Murphy to FOR.

“I walked into a place where all they asked of me wasn’t religion; they asked me to be a pacifist, so right there we had people mentoring us on how to be a pacifist, and we were all combat vets for the most part,” he said. “I think FOR is accepting of everything, and it’s a good thing because we’re bonded on waging peace.”

The Veterans FOR serves Iraq and Afghanistan veterans through an emergency food plan set up with local Wegmans and GreenStar, as well as sending books to those who are in prison, Jim Murphy said.

Meeting attendees Wednesday night spoke to FOR’s trouble attracting young members, but acknowledged that Ithaca could be fertile ground for revitalizing the fellowship with politically active youth. Susan Murphy, a member of the Unitarian Church and part of the team working to bring FOR to Ithaca, said the meeting echoed FOR’s national concerns by identifying the lack of established venues for local youth to politically express themselves.

“It’s clear that communication in between the different and varying peace movements is a missing piece,” Susan Murphy also said. “Everybody is so busy doing their own thing that there hasn’t become a clear mechanism enabling them to talk to each other.”

Mary Heckler was heavily involved with the Hudson Valley FOR in Nyack, New York, before retiring to Ithaca, and formerly served as FOR’s event coordinator, volunteer coordinator and house manager. After the meeting, Hecker said FOR could wind up connecting various local organizations in order to address local and national issues.

“I think that what came out tonight about the racism and the drone work and the lack of communication within the town itself, within the community, college communities as well as everyday community, is lacking,” Heckler said.

Though their first meeting was in a Unitarian Church, FOR is an interfaith organization. However, there is heated internal debate regarding the acceptance of atheists and agnostics into the organization. Susan Murphy said during the recruitment process, the organization needs to be aware that many young adults identify as more “spiritual” than “religious.”

Click the photo above to view an interview with Susan and Jim Murphy following the Oct. 29 meeting.

Click the photo above to view an interview with Susan and Jim Murphy following the Oct. 29 meeting.

With its reemergence in the Ithaca area, the Murphys said FOR is looking to establish relationships with local chapters of other national and international organizations that focus on issues relating to war, race and the environment. One such organization is the Ithaca chapter of Amnesty International. Wayles Browne serves as the chapter’s treasurer and attended the meeting. He said he was delighted to see people of various faiths in attendance.

“Looking around the room, there were Catholics, there were Unitarians, other kinds of Protestants, there were Jewish people,” Browne said. “It is particularly an interreligious organization — it brings churches and other religious organizations together — and I think that’s great, but I don’t have much to contribute to that myself.”

In response to meeting attendees’ calls for improved communication among local faith and organizing groups, Jim Murphy created an online talking circle that allows community organizers to submit and receive emails about their various events and projects.

Browne said he was pleased with the email group and has already used it to send out notice about the Amnesty chapter’s annual fundraiser, which was Sunday afternoon. It is one of the first instances in which the attendees of what may be a new FOR chapter coordinated their efforts.

Click here to view a video interview with Susan and Jim Murphy.

Read this story on Ithaca Week.

Transgender community faces challenges in Central New York

By Jessica Corbett and Emily Hull

Elliott DeLine reads from his new book, Show Trans, at Buffalo Street Books in Ithaca, New York, Oct. 15, 2014. (Photo by Jessica Corbett)

Elliott DeLine reads from his new book, Show Trans, at Buffalo Street Books in Ithaca, New York, Oct. 15, 2014. (Photo by Jessica Corbett)

Syracuse-based author Elliott DeLine read excerpts from Show Trans on Oct. 15 at Buffalo Street Books in downtown Ithaca. The novel chronicles a difficult period of DeLine’s journey with sexuality when he transitioned from female to male nearly five years ago.

Show Trans, DeLine’s latest book, will be available on Amazon for Kindle download on Oct. 31. A paperback copy of the book, which the author self-published, was released Oct. 1.

In the book, he addresses the difficulty of being a transperson in Central New York, including limited access to hormones and adequate health care, and said he wants other transgender people to feel a part of a larger community.

“I want them to take away whatever they personally need to take away from it. I hope it makes other people going through similar experiences feel less alone,” DeLine said.

A 2011 UCLA study says that approximately 700,000 Americans identify as transgender. No current governmental statistics exist because the U.S. Census Bureau does not offer citizens the option to identify as transgender on the decennial survey.

Maureen Kelly, vice president for programming and communications at Planned Parenthood of the Southern Finger Lakes said research in 2009 revealed a definitive absence of care and resources available to transgender people.

“We heard stories of transgender people driving eight hours round trip to Philadelphia to receive routine preventative health care and hormones to support their transition,” Kelly said. “We knew we needed to do something to address this need.”

In 2009, Kelly founded Out for Health, a program that provides outreach to LGBT people, their health care providers and the community at large. The program commissioned research to understand the challenges LGBT individuals face in the Ithaca area.

DeLine echoed Out for Health’s commission results.

“It’s a ridiculously difficult process to transition, and it is not this way in cities like New York and Philadelphia,” he said. “Trans people need the same resources as everyone else, but we often go without them.”

Click the photo above to view an interview with author Elliott DeLine. (Photo by Jessica Corbett)

Click the photo above to view an interview with author Elliott DeLine. (Photo by Jessica Corbett)

On Oct. 20, The Advocate, a gay news, LGBT rights, politics and entertainment magazine, published an opinion editorial by Kelly commending Ithaca, New York, as a “haven” for transgender people.

Kelly noted in her editorial that the transgender preventative care and hormone program opened in winter 2013, offering healthcare, information, hormones and support for transpeople in the area.

Additionally, Out for Health currently provides medical appointments, family planning, STD information and youth groups to citizens of Ithaca, Elmira, Corning, Hornell and Watkins Glen.

Although there has been an increase in support services, Jason Hungerford, a board member of the Ithaca LGBT Task Force, said the area still lacks a definitive health care for the trans community.

“There are not enough doctors who are even willing to have a trans person as an ongoing primary care patient,” Hungerford said. “That’s not even touching on the topic of health insurance for a trans person.”

The task force was founded in the 1980s to advocate on behalf of the LGBT community for non-discrimination laws in Tompkins County and the City of Ithaca. In October 2013, the task force moved to an inactive status, responding to other programs that had begun serving the community.

However, Hungerford also noted the fairness and inclusion gays and lesbians have benefited from still has not fully reached the trans community.

“Throughout the country it is still very taboo in many ways to be transgender,” DeLine said. “Although I do believe that is changing, there are more options and more resources available in metropolitan areas.”

DeLine hopes sharing his story will encourage readers to build a stronger understanding of the trans community’s struggles.

“There’s not one trans experience, not one right way of doing it,” he said. “My main goal is to make people feel validated and empowered to write or talk about their own experiences. I want people outside the transgender community to see us as people, and see the way all forms of oppression overlap.”

Click here to view a video interview with author Elliott DeLine.

Read this story on Ithaca Week.

Cornell’s Big Red Barn reopens after summer expansion

By Jessica Corbett and Steve Derderian

The Big Red Barn is a popular student event venue at Cornell University. It reopened at the start of the semester, following summer renovations. (Photo by Jessica Corbett)

The Big Red Barn is a popular student event venue at Cornell University. It reopened at the start of the semester, following summer renovations. (Photo by Jessica Corbett)

The red siding appears worn, and its the interior is dominated by warm chestnut wood paneling and Cornell Red paint. There are clusters of red-topped tables and a bulletin board overwhelmed by flashy flyers. The flyers promote Speed Friending, Spa Night and one reads “Show Us Your Muscle,” with tearaway info tabs on the bottom. It’s twelve steps up to the half-moon landing, which overlooks the tables and faces the window-paneled double door entrance. Cash register keys click and dishes clank together, blending into moments of chatter and laughter.

Following a series of renovations that shut the Barn down this past summer, the venue continues to expand its popularity, regularly hosting both campus and community events on the East Hill.

“I think we put the barn on the map,” Kris Corda, manager of the Big Red Barn, said. “If you look at our calendar, we’re booked almost every single day.”

There are already 30 events on the books for the next month.

“I feel like we’re always adding new events,” she said. “Our request for events is up this year, and we’re at capacity as of right now.”

Corda said there were more events from 2013-2014 compared to 2012-2013, but the total may not greatly increase, because the Barn could not hold events from July 1 through Aug. 15 this year.

The number of total events hosted in the Barn has increased from 229 in 2001-2002, to 636 in 2012-2013, averaging one to two events per day. Runjini Raman, a student employee at the Big Red Barn, said the increase of event is due to an increased number of campus groups and labs hosting events there.

“I feel like there’s specific programs that come here a lot,” Raman said. “I think the Big Red Barn is well advertised, but there’s still groups that don’t come here or may still not not know about it.”

Corda said she’s proud of the Barn.

“It’s a great space for graduate students, which is much needed,” Corda said. “I think there’s a historical element to it. I think a lot of professional and graduate students would say they have an attachment to the Barn that makes them feel comfortable.”

Physics student Kayla Crosbie attends the weekly grad gathering, but has also taken Tango classes at the Barn. She said the draw for her, and most grad students, on Friday night is the $1 beer. Alan Kwan, a graduate finance student said the Friday night festivities are what bring different groups together.

“A lot of my friends are in Johnson [Graduate School of Management], but through classes and random happenstance, I meet people from all over,” Kwan said.

Click the slide above to view a slideshow of the Big Red Barn and hear grad students at Cornell share their experiences with the venue.

Click the slide above to view a slideshow of the Big Red Barn and hear grad students at Cornell share their experiences with the venue.

To secure its longevity, the Barn has recently undergone a series of renovations that were necessary to keep the Barn safe for student use. In 2007, a beam from the Barn’s ceiling came apart and required construction from November 2007 to March 2008. This past the summer, the Barn was expanded to increase the capacity of students and add some office space. Though most building improvements are not visible, Corda said the changes were considered a cultural reinforcement project.

“We weren’t operating under any unsafe conditions,” Corda said. “They were really saying more work needs to be done in support of the building. When we were closing it in 2007, we had to remind a lot of people that we weren’t closing it permanently.”

The Big Red Barn, which was built in 1870 to house Cornell’s first president, Andrew Dickinson White, has been a gathering place on Cornell University’s campus since the 1950s. An old carriage house featuring a large brick patio, and surrounded by grassy fields, the Big Red Barn is flooded with graduate students on Friday evenings. Tell Grads It’s Friday, a grad-students-only gathering held from 4:30 to 7 p.m., is just one of many events hosted at the Barn each week.

Fifth year graduate student Nate Van Zee said the Barn also provides a haven for graduate students to interact more exclusively with their peers.

“It’s kind of a novel thing,” Van Zee said. “Its separates us from our normal happy hour because it is unique.”

Though there is no current plan to expand the Barn beyond what it can host right now, Cordo said there are always ideas to improve the Barn.

“Yes, we can always use more space,” she said. “But I’m always conscious of keeping the character of the bar, and I think that’s really a big part of what it is today.”

For a slideshow of the Big Red Barn, click here.

GreenStar to open third Ithaca store as co-ops trend nationally

By Jessica Corbett and Lauren Mazzo

Photo by Lauren Mazzo

GreenStar Co-op has two locations in Ithaca, New York. A new store on College Ave. is set to open sometime in 2016. (Photo by Lauren Mazzo)

GreenStar Co-op announced last week it will open its third store in Ithaca on College Ave. in 2016, reflecting the rise of cooperative businesses across the country.

GreenStar Co-op, a community-owned natural foods market created to provide Ithaca residents with locally-sourced food, has been around for more than four decades. But in the last three years, the number of co-op businesses in the U.S. has grown by a third.

Today, the the U.S. Federation of Worker Cooperatives estimates the nation has about 300 worker cooperatives in various industries, compared to the amount documented by the University of Wisconsin’s Center for Cooperatives in April 2011. At that point, the state of New York had 13 co-ops. Today, there are 20 in New York City alone.

In June, the New York City Council approved a $1.2 million grant called the Worker Cooperative Business Development Initiative. Eleven worker cooperative support organizations, including the Federation of Protestant Welfare Agencies, received portions of the grant ranging from $35,000 to $230,000, Antoinette Isable-Jones, FPWA communication director, said. The money will be used to develop 28 new co-ops and provide support to 20 existing co-ops.

“Worker-owned cooperatives are known to increase worker wages, provide improved working conditions, but also contribute to sense of pride amongst workers and foster a new era of community entrepreneurs,” Isable-Jones said. “With this first-time-ever grant, we are excited about the opportunity for New York to become a model and national leader in creating a thriving cooperative economy.”

Weavers Way Co-op of Philadelphia, which serves 5,200 households, has seen a 12 percent growth in sales in the last year, General Manager Glenn Bergman said. That growth compares to a national average of 2.4 percent for all grocery stores reported by the U.S. Department of Commerce.

GreenStar and Weavers Way Co-ops are both part of national group of cooperatives called the National Cooperative Grocers Association.

“We share information with other co-ops, and we also work together, and we go to meetings together, and we purchase together to get better pricing,” Bergman said.

Association members share more than just tips and suppliers—they also share values that have proven successful for the cooperative business model.

“I like the fact that the profits go back to the community, the members, or [the] staff,” Bergman said, noting that the co-op also provides health insurance, vacation time and sick time to employees, as well as nonprofit support to the local community.

Joe Romano, marketing manager for GreenStar, said the community-oriented nature of the co-op has been key in GreenStar’s success, ultimately leading to its expansion into catering, a public gathering space, a nonprofit, and now its Collegetown store.

In a community of more than 30,000, GreenStar boasts nearly 10,000 members.

“That tells me very clearly that we’re meeting the needs of the community, which is obvious because the community started the business to meet their needs,” Romano said.

Romano moved to Ithaca and started working in an entry-level receiving position at GreenStar 15 years ago. He said he didn’t care what he was doing—he just wanted to work at the co-op. Today, he said he couldn’t be more proud of his role to better the Ithaca community.

“It’s important because it is part of the community of Ithaca. It’s owned by the community,” Romano said. “There’s no Mr.GreenStar that’s going to get a yacht at the end of the year. If we do well, the community does well.”

Check out our interview with Joe Romano on SoundCloud.

Read this story on Ithaca Week.

Cornell’s new major reflects technology innovation in global & public health

By Jessica Corbett and TinaMarie Craven

Robert Parker was part of the team that proposed Cornell's new major. (Photo by Jessica Corbett)

Robert Parker was part of the team that proposed Cornell’s new major. (Photo by Jessica Corbett) Click the photo above to view a slideshow.

Cornell University launched a Global and Public Health major this semester in response to student demand and demonstrated interest in its minor program, Robert Parker, director of undergraduate studies for Cornell’s Division of Nutritional Sciences, said.

Parker noted a trend among higher education institutions developing similar programs, and said examination of peer programs was a key part of developing Cornell’s Global and Public Health major, which was proposed by the Division of Natural Sciences. Public health typically refers to domestic population health, while global health is applied beyond the U.S., Parker said.

“Our program is designed to encompass both of those scenarios,” Parker said, “Our intent is to weave both domestic and international issues, whenever possible, throughout the entire curriculum.”

Growing interest in this field isn’t contained to university students. TechChange, a D.C.-based startup launched in 2010, provides online technology training for agents of social change. Members of the global and public health field are part of their target audience for course offerings.

Beginning Nov. 17, TechChange will offer its most popular course, “mHealth – Mobile Phones for Public Health,” which coincides with the 2014 mHealth Summit and Global Health Forum in D.C.

Nick Martin, CEO and founder of TechChange, said increased cell phone and Internet availability has changed how health issues can be approached globally.

“We look at things like patient adherence — getting people to take their pills by getting SMS reminders, to remote monitoring — being able to attach the phone to things like censors, to do diagnostic tests, those kinds of things,” Martin said. “Also, for frontline healthcare workers, in most of the world, a number of countries, people don’t have regular to access to hospitals and doctors with health care facilities.”

Cornell’s program focuses on building a deep understanding of both natural and behavioral sciences, combined with a mandatory ‘real-world’ experiential learning course, Parker said. Course requirements range from biochemistry and psychology, to courses on statistics and epidemiology, or the study of the spread of disease.

Click the slide above to view a slideshow for this story.

Click the slide above to view a slideshow for this story.

Parker said one of the reasons mobile technology offers so much opportunity in this field is that transcends limitations of physical infrastructure.

“One of the challenges, often, particularly in resource-poor communities is trying to figure out what’s happening.  And yet as access to mobile devices explodes around the world, it’s becoming a two-way street,” Parker said. “Innovations in technology that transcend traditional infrastructure are opening up lots of new opportunities—both to acquire information about the nature of communities and to effect change in those communities.”

The internet and media are making the public more aware of current health issues Rebecca Stoltzfus, director of the global health minor, said.

“Students find these problems disturbing and compelling, and they want to see how their education can make a difference in people’s lives and can close a gap on some of the big global health inequities that exist in the world,” Stoltzfus said.

Danielle Corona, a biology major and global health minor, conducted her fieldwork in Peru, where she worked to encourage Peruvian women to immunize their children. Vaccine bracelets acted as a physical reminder for mothers, which Corona said was helpful because the bracelet made it easier to bridge literacy and linguistic gaps.

Corona said the program allows students to expand their understandings of health by studying health issues from a broader mindset.

“With Ebola, we have something that’s starting in a small developing country, but it has the potential to spread to other countries and we need to understand how we can deal with issues that are serious,” Corona said. “Globalization is a real thing. We have to know how to deal with health threats around the world, whether it is a small village in Thailand or a main city in America.”

Click here to view a slideshow for this story.